Hyaline arteriosclerosis

Hyaline arteriosclerosis is a pathological condition that affects the small arteries and arterioles in the body, particularly in the kidney and the brain. It is characterized by the deposition of a hyaline material within the walls of the blood vessels, which leads to thickening and narrowing of the vessels.

The hyaline material that accumulates in the arterial walls is composed of plasma proteins, particularly fibrinoid, and collagen. This accumulation can cause the vessel walls to become opaque, thickened and lose elasticity, and eventually leads to reduced blood flow and tissue damage.

Hyaline arteriosclerosis is commonly associated with conditions such as diabetes mellitus and hypertension. Chronic high blood pressure is a common cause of hyaline arteriosclerosis in the kidney and can lead to renal failure. In the brain, hyaline arteriosclerosis can lead to cerebral ischemia, small vessel disease, and contribute to the development of vascular dementia.

Diagnosis of hyaline arteriosclerosis is usually made by histological examination of the affected blood vessels. There is no specific treatment for this condition, and management is usually focused on the underlying disease that is causing it. In cases of severe hypertension, controlling blood pressure can help to slow or halt the progression of hyaline arteriosclerosis.

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  • Last modified: 2024/02/06 22:54
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